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Transhumanism

My boyfriend has always told me that one day robots will take over since humans are so dependent on technology. The concept of transhumanism really reminded me of the idea of cloning. As I was researching, I discovered that there’s a difference between artificial cloning, what we often think of when we hear “cloning”, and natural cloning. According to National Human Genome Research Institute, “in nature, some plants and single-celled organisms, such as bacteria, produce genetically identical offspring through a process called asexual reproduction. In asexual reproduction, a new individual is generated from a copy of a single cell from the parent organism.” Cloning finds applications in genetic fingerprinting, amplification of DNA and alteration of the genetic makeup of organisms. As for artificial cloning, there are three types: gene cloning, reproductive cloning and therapeutic cloning. Therapeutic cloning can help replace damaged cells. It can be used to discover ways to prevent aging and even bringing dead pets back alive. This website, http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/cloning.shtml#intro, provides great introductory details in regards to cloning. There hare heated debate about whether humans should be cloned. There currently is artificial embryo twinning, which is the relatively low-tech version of cloning. This technology mimics the natural process of creating identical twins. You can refer to this website, http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/tech/cloning/whatiscloning/, to see how natural twin cloning is done. Cloning is a very daring and expensive method. As the movie, the Island, depicted of a cloning facility where labs create clones of clients. When the clients get sick, they would use the clones of clients’ organs to replace the client’s own organs. This would allow people to live longer, which returns us to the concept of transhumanism.

Below are some visual depictions of the process of genetic artificial cloning.

Here’s a list of Pros and Cons of cloning: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/pros-and-cons-of-cloning.html.

References

http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/cloning.shtml#intro

http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/tech/cloning/whatiscloning/

http://www.genome.gov/25020028#al-2

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/pros-and-cons-of-cloning.html

http://contemporarybiotechissues.wikispaces.com/file/view/cloning.gif/104847027/cloning.gif

http://tccl.rit.albany.edu/knilt/images/e/ea/Katarney11_cloning_figure_3.gif

http://omicsgroup.org/data/22/2/55/64/2544879/user/2788947/htdocs/userfiles/image/cloning.jpg

http://skuties.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/star_wars_clone_wars_1.jpg

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